Orthodoxy in Abkhazia

Abkhazia is among the first countries where Christianity was spread. In the 1st century A.D. Saint Andrew, Simon the Canaanite and Apostle Matthew arrived in Abkhazia to preach Christianity. It was over two thousand years that Christianity faced many enemies. The followers of Christianity were persecuted in the days of the Roman Empire, Ottoman Empire and Soviet Union. However, the only religion which survived in the Caucasus was Christianity. The first church community was created in Pitiunt in the 4th century A.D. (modern-day Pitsunda). The most ancient Christian churches are located in Pitsunda. On the territory of Abkhazia there are temples which never interrupted worship, even in the most difficult of times. One such temple is located in the village of Ilor. The worship was served even during the Soviet Period. The temple at Ilor is one of the most popular temples visiting by tourists among the current churches in Abkhazia. In the village of Likhny, there is also a temple of Saint Mary. It is the only temple on the Black Sea coast of the Caucasus which was able to preserve its original appearance. The roof of the temple was made of tile. Such sacred places like the Cathedral of the Saint and Apostle Andrew in Pitsunda, the temple of Saint Mary in Mokva and the cathedral of St. Panteleimon in New Athos, are all examples of Christian architecture in Abkhazia. Valuable relics and monuments were kept in many temples. There’s an ancient golden bowl dated back to 990 in the Bedia temple. It’s decorated with figures of the Savior, Saint Mary and the Apostles. In the 19th century, the monastery was built in New Athos. It’s famous not only in Abkhazia, but also far beyond its borders. One hundred and sixty temples were built in Abkhazia. Nowadays, parishioners can attend 16 current temples. The history of Christian monuments, temples, cathedrals, monasteries and descriptions of the lives of the Saints can be found on our website. Articles, illustrated with pictures, written on the base of the Holy Metropolis of Abkhazia.


A PRACTICAL GUIDE TO PERFORMING АЦУНЫҲӘА (ATSUNYKHUA)

 

A PRACTICAL GUIDE…

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Archimandrite Dorotheos (Dbar). Memorial plaque with a Greek inscription of 1818 in the Lykhny church (new interpretation)

A memorial plaque with an inscription in Greek has been preserved in the Orthodox Church of the Dormition of the Mother of God in the village of Lykhny, located next to…

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“Seeing the Resurrection of Christ” in the Abkhaz language

«Қьырса аҧсцәа рахьтә Игылара баны»

Қьырса аҧсцәа рахьтә Игылара баны, /
ҳиеихырхәап Ицқьоу ҳ-Аҳ Ду Иаса, /
иакәы́м зымуц Иараӡәк. /
Уџьар ҳаихырхәоит, Қьырса, /
аҧсцәа рахьтә Угы́ларацқьа/
ҳазышәаҳәоит иагьхьыӡраҳгоит,…

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Troparion and Kontakion of Entry of Christ into Jerusalem in Abkhaz

 

А́иа-Абаи́а аушьҭыгатә тропа́рион, 1-тәи абжьы

Αԥсцәа рахьтә азеиԥш гылара шыҟало /
агәаҟра Ухугаанӡа агәра ҳаргауа, /
иԥсы ҭоуҵеит Ла́зар, / Қьырса ҳ-Анцәа. /
Убриазы ҳаргьы хәыҷҵас, /
аиааира адыргақәа* кны, /
Уара аԥсра…

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Troparion of Lazarus Saturday in Abkhaz

 

А́иа-Абаи́а аушьҭыгатә тропа́рион, 1-тәи абжьы

Αԥсцәа рахьтә азеиԥш гылара шыҟало /

агәаҟра Ухугаанӡа агәра ҳаргауа, /

иԥсы ҭоуҵеит Ла́зар, / Қьырса ҳ-Анцәа. /

Убриазы ҳаргьы хәыҷҵас, /

аиааира адыргақәа* кны,…

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Agni Parthene (ΑΓΝΗ ΠΑΡΘΕΝΕ) in Abkhaz

 

«Ицқьоу Аҭыԥҳа́ Бхацкы»

Ацқьа Некта́риос Егьи́нтәи иаԥҵамҭа

1-тәи абжьы

 

1.  Ицқьоу Аҭыԥҳа́ Бхацкы,

Кьыс змам Анцәадзыхшаз,

Бгәырӷьала,…

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Troparion and Kontakion of the Annunciation in Abkhaz

 

Агәырӷьаҿҳәа́ша аушьҭыгатә тропа́рион, 4-тәи абжьы

Иахьа ҳҿыхра аха́цыркреи /
наӡаӡатәи Амаӡа лабҿаба ацәырҵреи /
иамшуп: / Анцәа Иԥа / Аҭыԥҳа́ лԥа…

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The clergy of the Sukhum Cathedral (1965)

The clergy of the Sukhum Cathedral, 1965 Sitting from left to right: 1) Hieromonk Raphael (Karelin); 2) Archpriest Maxim Kontsevich; 3) Archpriest Nikolay Magaldadze; 4) Bishop Roman of Sukhum-Abkhazia (Petriashvili); 5) Hegumen Philagrius (Kaminsky); 6) Priest Alexander (Shatirishvili). Standing…

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Graduate Nazariy Kiut at the graduation ceremony of the Moscow Theological Seminary (1992)

Graduate Nazariy Kiut at the graduation ceremony of the Moscow Theological Seminary (now Hieromonk Ignatius).
Photo 24 × 17 cm, black and white.
In the photo, graduate Nazariy Kiut (now Hieromonk Ignatius) is…

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Prayer of St. Ephrem the Syrian in the Abkhazian language

Ацқьа Ефрем Сир иныҳәаԥхьыӡ

Сыҧсҭазаара Зымпыҵаку, с-Аҳ Ду! Усда атәареи, агәаҭеиреи, амчра абзиабареи, баша ацәажәареи рыҧсы сылаумҵан сара. (Ҳалахь-ҳаџьымшь ӡатәны, ҳҩшьамхык арсны,…

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Troparion and Kontakion devoted to the great martyr Theodore Tyron in the Abkhazian language

Ацқьа ааӡаб ду Ҭео́дор (иркьаҿ. Аиҭа́р) итропа́рион (аушьҭыгатә), 2-тәи абжьы

хаҵара́ алшарақәа дуӡӡоуп! / Амца қьоуқьад дахьалоу, / иԥсыршьагоу аӡы дҭоушәа, / дгәырӷьон ацқьа ааӡаб Ҭео́дор: /…

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Troparion and irmos of the 1st song of the canon of the Nativity of Christ in the Abkhazian language

Қьырса Иира аушьҭыгатә тропа́рион , 4-тәи абжьы

Уара Уира, Қьырса ҳ-Анцәа, / адунеи дырра лашараны иазкаԥхеит, / избанзар уи ала аиаҵәақәа рымаҵ зуаз / аиаҵәа аҟынтә…

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